THE CARE & FEEDING OF CATS
Cats eat to satisfy their energy needs. Dry foods have more energy making elements than semi-moist or moist foods. Dry food should be left out for the cat if you work. One of the other two types should be fed to the cat once a day. Feed it as much as it can eat in twenty minutes. After the cat leaves the bowl remove it and throw the remaining food away.
Kittens should be fed three times a day until they are six months old. After that, twice a day until they are a year old. The amount you feed them are determined by the amount they eat in thirty minutes from when they started eating. Select a food with the smallest amount of ash content. Ash is bad for their urinary tracts.
Before you bring that new friend home I would suggest you child-proof your house, or at least the areas you want the cat to use as it's domain. And, its domain is putting it mildly. There won't be a nook or cranny that your cat won't grow to know.
Cats are curious animals and can open doors and cabinets. The area where chemicals are kept should be childproofed. An opened cabinet door is an invitation for the cat to explore.
Many families are made up of not only animal lovers, but plant lovers too. There are a few poisonous plants that are commonly found in homes. They are dieffenbachia, philodendron, English ivy, caladiums, Jerusalem cherry, poinsettia, mistletoe, and holly. Cats will eat the leaves of plants and it is very important to keep these plants out of the home. Go here for an extensive list of poisonous plants.
A general knowledge of minor first aid is a good thing.
As always, in any emergency, contact your veterinarian.
A call or visit to your vet always follows up the following.
Artificial Respiration: Brain damage can result if your cat stops breathing. You must work fast. First lay your cat on its side. Extend the head and pull out the tongue using a piece of cloth. Remove any foreign matter or mucous in the throat using your finger wrapped in a clean cloth. Begin artificial respiration by pushing on the cats chest behind the front elbows. Press for three to four seconds and stop for three to four seconds. Continue until your cat starts breathing again. When it does, keep pressing on the chest, but don't apply as much pressure. Gradually reduce compression. Elevate your cats hind legs and hips and keep it warm.
NOW, CALL THE VET!
Shock: death can result from shock because this condition greatly reduces blood supply to the brain and other vital organs. When your cat is in shock it will have a reduced pulse, pale gums, weakness, rapid breathing. First check your cat's mouth for obstructions; next stop any bleeding with direct pressure or a tourniquet. Keep the head lower than the heart and keep the cat warm.
NOW, CALL THE VET!
Control of bleeding: Bleeding can be controlled in three ways: by compression, compression and bandaging, and by tourniquet. With compression, apply firm and steady pressure on the area using a clean cloth or gauze pad. Hold it for four or five minutes before slowly releasing pressure. If heavy bleeding continues, try compression and bandaging. This method is done the same way as for compression but after four or five minutes bandage the compress and wrap and tape firmly. Change the bandage within the first hour to make sure the bleeding has stopped and that the first bandage wasn't applied too tightly. Tourniquets are used if the wound is spurting blood or when compression or compression and bandaging aren't stopping the bleeding. Use either tubular gauze or a clean cloth to bandage the wound. Apply the tourniquet between the wound and the heart and tight enough to control bleeding. Every fifteen minutes loosen the tourniquet briefly.
NEXT, TAKE YOUR PET TO THE VET!
These are but a few, but common, injuries that a pet may encounter. There are books that you can get in our bookstore that go into detail regarding first aid for your pet.
As always, consult your veterinarian if your pet
has been injured.
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