Canine Nutrition and Diet Information 3
The Proper Care and Feeding Of Your Dog
 

Information
How Much to Feed A Dog to Meet His Energy Needs
- Part Three

Continued from previous page

By Joe Bodewes, DVM

Understanding your dog's energy needs

Table 1. Activity levels and daily energy requirements

Activity

Daily Energy
Requirements

Weight loss

1.0 x RER

Neutered adult normal activity

1.6 x RER

Intact adult normal activity

1.8 x RER

Light work

2.0 x RER

Moderate work

3.0 x RER

Heavy work

4-8 x RER

Pregnant dog (first 42 days)

1.8 x RER

Pregnant dog (last 21 days)

3.0 x RER

Lactating female

4-8 x RER

Puppy - weaning to 4 months

3.0 x RER

Puppy - 4 months to adult size

2.0 x RER

The first step in understanding your dog's canine diet requirements is realizing that there is no set formula for determining your dog's individual needs. For people, it is fairly simple to calculate your recommended daily caloric requirements based upon your weight because, as people, we are all relatively similar compared to dogs. As a person, if you want to know how many daily calories you should consume all you have to do is look on a chart and there it is, give or take a few percentages for activity level and age. But with dogs, there are huge differences between breeds, size, growth rates in puppies, activity levels, skin and coat thicknesses, and living conditions. For example, compare the canine diet needs of a young Malamute living outdoors and learning to pull a dog sled to that of an adult Pomeranian living in a heated apartment, and the pound for pound difference in caloric needs could be over tenfold. Those kind of differences rarely happen in humans and these differences are why it is so difficult to have a set answer for how much a dog should be fed. Continued on Page Four

How to feed your individual dog

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