Information On Antelope




Height: 10-71 inches at the shoulders. Weight: 4 to 2,000 pounds depending on the species.

Habitat and Range: many types of habitat in Africa, central and southern Asia, and southwestern Russia

Antelopes eat grasses, twigs, bark, leaves, buds, herbs, fruits, and insects. Their life span is three to twenty-five years in captivity, depending on the species.

Reproduction of the antelope is one to three young after a pregnancy of four to nine and a half months, depending on the species.


This group of animals is amazingly varied. Antelopes come in a variety of sizes, and colors. Their horns can give you an idea of how different these animals can be. Their horns may be ringed, spiraled, straight, curved and twisted. Each of the one hundred kinds are uniquely different.

Several kinds of antelope may roam the same area. Large antelopes like the elands travel in groups of as many as two hundred.

Antelopes are related to other cud chewing animals such as sheep, cows, camels, deer, and goats. A dozen or more meat eating animals are predators of antelopes. People hunt them too for their meat, hides, and horns.

Both the male and female eland grow horns. Hard, hollow horns grow around two bony cores on the antelopes head. They grow throughout the antelopes life. They do not fall off as a deer's antlers do. Not all female antelopes have horns.

Antelopes have keen senses, and they are alert to enemies. The eland, when threatened by a predator, will stand his ground, but its best defense is speed. Most antelopes are good runners and can escape a predator in long leaps. They are built to run swiftly. The smaller antelopes find refuge in the thick covering of tall grasses and bushes. They will lie very still until the predator passes. If the predator gets to close, the small antelope will try and outrun the predator. If it gets far enough ahead of the predator it will hide again. Herds offer antelopes protection from the predator because of the number of animals in one place. Some antelopes, like the bongo and reedbucks, have coats that blend into their surroundings and act as camouflage.

The Future of the Antelope

The Sable Antelope , Dorcas Gazelle, Dama Gazelle are on the endangered list.


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