Information On Eagles


Eagle Information

The Bald Eagle is probably North America's most admired bird.

The eagle is one of the biggest and most powerful birds in the world.

Eagles have been linked to power and dignity by people everywhere.

Old eagle eyes? Some naturalists believe an eagle can see a rabbit two miles away.

Eagles are found on every continent except for Antarctica. Some live in swamps and jungles, and still others live high in the mountains, along the shores of large lakes or in forests.

Although there are fifty-nine different kinds of eagles in the world, only two kinds live in North America. These are the Golden Eagle and the Bald Eagle. The Golden Eagle is native to Europe and Asia too.

The Bald Eagle has approximately 7000 feathers.


Just like their very close relatives, the hawks, eagles are known as birds of prey. They eat meat and hunt other animals for food. They have large, strong beaks that are hooked for tearing meat. Their feet are built for grabbing and come equipped with sharp claws called talons. They all have very powerful wings and flight muscles so that they can catch food on the move and carry it away.

The North American eagles are at least twice as big as the largest hawks. An eagle has a body length of 30-40 inches and a wingspan of 6-7.5 feet. Eagles are very light in weight. The skeleton of an eagle weighs just 8 ounces.


The eagle can glide for long periods of time without having to flap its long, broad wings. It is an expert at hitchhiking a ride on rising air currents. Using air currents it may soar more than two miles above the ground.

Eagles are not the fastest birds, but they can reach speeds of about one hundred miles an hour.

An eagle's eyes are very important part of its hunting equipment. It would starve without them. To protect them from injury, the eagle has a third eyelid that it can see through. This eyelid is called a nictitating membrane. It moves across the eye from side to side, cleaning and moistening the eye.


Eagles build huge nests for their young. The mother lays one to three eggs. She will sit on them for twenty-eight to thirty-five days while the male supplies her with food. After the eggs have hatched they both will care for the young.

Within forty-five days the eaglets weigh forty times what they did at birth.

By three months they have grown new feathers used for flying. After leaving the nest they remain with the parents while perfecting their hunting skills.

The Future of the Eagle

The eagle has made a comeback from the edge of extinction. More work is needed though to insure that the numbers continue to grow.



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