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Four New World Flamingos:
Chilean Flamingo (P. chilensis) inhabits New World Temperate S. South
America. James's Flamingo (P. jamesi) inhabits the High Andes in Peru,
Chile, Bolivia, Ecuador and Argentina. Andean Flamingo (P. andinus)
inhabits High Andes in Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina. Caribbean
Flamingo (P. ruber) inhabits Caribbean and Galapagos islands and is the
Flamingos' diet changes as the salinity of the salt pond changes
depending on rainfall. They always eat brine shrimp and other minute
aquatic creatures, which give them their color (flamingo chicks are born
grey). If flamingos do not receive enough carotene in their diet, they
become malnourished and turn pale. Increased fresh water introduces
water-boatmen and copoepods appear, creating a more diverse diet.
Flamingos wade in shallow waters while they feed, lowering their head to
the water. Flamingos legs bend backwards and they eat upside down. With
filtering plates in their bills, they trap food flowing through the
water. This straining method is unique to the flamingo bird.
Reproductions and Nesting
It takes three years for a flamingo to reach sexual maturity.
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