Snake Disease and Reproduction
Diseases of Snakes
The main problems that occur in snakes are mouth rot and
mites. Fortunately both of these ailments are easily treated. Mouth rot occurs
because of an inflammation caused by an infection of the tissues of the mouth.
The snake often cannot close his mouth because the gums become tender. Eventually
he will stop eating. Sometimes successful treatment comes in treating the
infection with antiseptic mouthwash applied with a cotton applicator. A solution
of sulfamethiazine is recommended. This should be discussed with your
veterinarian first. To control mites you should hang about two inches of
a no-pest insecticide strip outside the cage near a ventilation port. Putting
it in the cage could be dangerous, as snakes are very vulnerable to toxic
substances. If your snake already has mites your local pet shop will have
a powder that can be sprinkled on your snake and in the cage and left for
a few days. The cage then must be cleaned out completely and washed thoroughly.
Make sure if you use a powder that it does not contain any insecticides.
Internal fertilization is necessary with snakes. Most snakes
lay eggs with a leathery shell but some do bear living young. After her eggs
are laid she goes off paying no attention to her offspring. She does use
instinct as to where she lays her eggs in regard to safety, humidity, and
temperature. A few snake species do stay with the eggs and offspring such
as the cobras who build nests and defend the nest and some of the pythons
also stay with their eggs.
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